In 2007, Illicit drug use was estimated to cost the United States economy $193 billion dollars in health care, lost productivity, crime, incarceration, and drug enforcement in.1 Economic costs climb even higher when factoring in both alcohol abuse2 and the epidemic of prescription medication abuse, particularly opioid analgesics.3 While these statistics are staggering, it is the impact on families that is the most worrisome. Substance abuse tears families apart and leaves young children vulnerable to repeating the abusive behaviors.4
Objective, unbiased drug-testing programs for healthcare providers who have patients at risk of substance abuse, currently in crisis, or are on the road to recovery is a vital Kashi service. Drug testing enables healthcare providers to make more accurate diagnoses and treatment decisions when working with substance abuse. Testing provides transparency for monitoring treatment adherence. Furthermore, drug testing may enhance patient safety by preventing possible harmful drug interactions and adverse reactions before they occur.
Kashi delivers a constantly expanding test menu offering identification and quantitation for the following latest and most commonly in prescribed medications and abused illicit drugs.
|Natural and Semi-Synthetic Opioids||Codeine, Morphine, Hydrocodone, Norhydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Oxycodone, Noroxycodone, Oxymorphone, Buprenorphine, Norbuprenorphine|
|Synthetic Opioids||Fentanyl, Norfentanyl, Methadone, EDDP (Methadone metabolite), Tramadol, Tapentadol, Meperidine, Normeperidine|
|Benzodiazepines||Alpha-Hydroxyalprazolam, 7-Amino-Clonazepam, Lorazepam, Nordiazepam, Temazepam, Oxazepam, Diazepam|
|Muscle Relaxants||Carisoprodol, Meprobamate|
|Illicit Drugs||cTHC (Marijuana metabolite), Methamphetamine, Benzoylecgonine (Cocaine metabolite), Phencyclidine (PCP), 6-MAM (Heroin metabolite), MDMA (Ecstasy), Mitragynine (Kratom)|
|Barbiturates||Butalbital, Phenobarbital, Secobarbital|
|Other Substances||Dextromethorphan, Dextrorphan, Gabapentin, Ketamine, Norketamine, Naltrexone, Zolpidem|
|Alcohol Metabolites||Ethyl Glucuronide, Ethyl Sulfate|